CAMBRIDGE, Mass., November 15, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Produced by MIT Technology Review Insights in association with Code42, the 2022/23 Cyber Defense Index (CDI) is the first annual comparative ranking of the world’s 20 largest and most digitally advanced economies on their preparedness, response and recovery to cybersecurity threats. Countries are ranked based on how institutions have adopted digital technology and practices to resist cyberattacks, and how policy frameworks promote cybersecure digital transactions.
Based on qualitative and quantitative research conducted between April 2022 and September 2022the Interactive index shows which countries are building the best cyber defense environments.
The main conclusions of the report are as follows:
- australia the top spot reflects its efforts to make robust digital infrastructure widely available. The Australian government applies digital tools and regulatory frameworks to protect personal data and digital transactions. He pledged to overhaul cybersecurity laws, pledging to set aside a previous roadmap. Public urgency has increased after the recent hack of Optus, the country’s second-largest mobile operator, in which 2.8 million records were stolen. CDI analysis shows widespread trust among business leaders Australia around the government’s position on cybersecurity.
- The Netherlandssecond, has become a nerve center of pan-European cybersecurity efforts. The Netherlands looms large in cybersecurity resources, with global approaches to data privacy and well-coordinated national agencies. Like most of the top-ranked CDI countries, it benefits from the EU’s consumer-friendly digital rights policy, expressed through the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) framework of 2018.
- Geopolitics explains the high CDI rankings of South Korea (third place) and Poland (sixth place). Both economies border some of the world’s most notorious safe harbors for cyber malfeasance, Russia and North Korea, and suffer from their implicit and explicit support for bad actors. Governments and industry decision makers on cybersecurity Poland and South Korea are forced to be extra vigilant.
- China leads on several indicators (second place for organizational capacity), but ranks in the bottom 10 overall. China the benefits lie in the capabilities of its digital workers and the high strategic importance of cybersecurity to its business leaders. Its overall score is dragged down by its relatively poor (and poorly regarded) infrastructure resilience and less-than-inclusive policy environment.
- Germanyin the bottom quarter of the index, scored the lowest of any EU country. Germany to one of Europe the lowest e-participation scores, in part due to low adoption among its small and medium enterprises, with slow digital service delivery and a lack of talented workforce. This colors the view of German cybersecurity leaders, who scored poorly on five out of seven confidence indicators.
- Indiadespite a digitally-forward government and the largest (and arguably the most cybersecurity-aware) IT service sectors in the world, are suffering across the board. The tech-powered nation lacks critical infrastructure, is poorly adopted in its national digital economy, and has weak cybersecurity regulations. Despite escalating cyberattacks and calls for a national cybersecurity law and dedicated ministry, India did not opt for these advances.
- EU countries benefit from EU cybersecurity policy, guided by the 2018 GDPR framework. The GDPR, which promotes digital consumer rights, is a model for the top half of DCI rankings, including Poland and France (sixth and eighth) and the United Kingdom and Swiss (7th and 10th). It also shapes policy for non-EU countries with a large pan-European footprint in the financial services and insurance sectors, which must follow GDPR principles to operate there.
- Developing countries are struggling to gain ground due to a lack of knowledge and resources. While countries in the top 10 of the CDI score close, less than a point separates first place Australia and Japan in ninth place – countries near the bottom had more mixed scores. The common theme for the lower scores is access to investment to upgrade infrastructure. Many advances in cybersecurity rely on 5G technology, which requires significant investment for many of these economies. Countries where 5G is already in place have a vast advantage.
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