The Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) has designated four substances, including 1V-LSD, as narcotics temporarily for three years. All four are used as narcotic substitutes.
The regulator placed 1V-LSD in class 1 temporary narcotics and CH-PIATA in class 2 temporary narcotics.
1V-LSD is similar in structure to the mind-altering drug LSD which can cause hallucinations and other effects.
CH-PIATA is a synthetic substance made from hemp, which has been distributed in Korea for misuse and abuse.
In addition, the MFDS said it would renew the designation of flubromazolam and cumyl-4CN-B7AICA as temporary Class 2 narcotics, their designation expiring on September 9.
Both substances have the structure and effects of benzodiazepines and synthetic cannabis. They are regulated in the US, UK, Germany and Japan.
The Temporary Narcotics Designation System designates substances that are abused as substitutes for narcotics and that may harm public health for up to three years.
The regulatory body manages temporary narcotics in the same way it controls narcotics. These substances are totally prohibited for possession, use, management, import/export, manufacture, trade and brokerage and may be confiscated.
Anyone who exports, imports, manufactures, deals in or markets a Class 1 temporary narcotic can face a life sentence or a prison term of five years or more.
Exporting, importing or manufacturing a class 2 temporary narcotic will be punished by imprisonment of up to 10 years or a fine of up to 100 million won. Trading or brokering will be punished with imprisonment of up to five years or a fine of up to 50 million won.
“The new designation and redesignation of temporary narcotics will block the distribution of new narcotics and promote public health. We will work with prosecutors, police and customs officials to protect people from illegal narcotics,” an MFDS official said.