Distributive policy

SECURE 2.0 Act Passes, Signaling Massive Retirement Savings and Change in Investment Policy

MICHAEL REYNOLDS/POOL/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock / MICHAEL REYNOLDS/POOL/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock

On March 29, the House of Representatives voted 414 to 5 in favor of the Securing a Strong Retirement Act of 2022. If passed by the Senate and then signed into law by President Joe Biden, the law could represent a massive change in economic policy regarding retirement savings and investing.

See: 2022 Changes to 401(k) Limits and Backdoor Roth IRAs
Find: States where your retirement will cost less than $45,000 per year

The Retirement Savings Legislation, also known as SECURE Act 2.0, expands the original SECURE Act and includes provisions to raise the Required Minimum Distribution Age (RMD) from 72 to 75 over time. time, expand automatic enrollment in retirement plans and improve 403(b) plans.

The original SECURE (Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhancement) Act was signed into law by former President Donald Trump in December 2019. This legislation changed the existing retirement savings plan system in terms of RMDs, contributions to IRAs traditional, of 529 uses of the plan for students. loans and making annuities easier to offer for 401(k) plan administrators.

The SECURE 2.0 law develops all these provisions, in particular by increasing the age of the RMD to 73 years in 2022, to 74 years in 2029 and to 75 years in 2032.

It also requires 401(k) and 403(b) plans to automatically enroll participants when they become eligible, although employees can opt out of this coverage. The auto-enrollment amount starts at a minimum of 3% of salary – but no more than 10% – followed by an increase of 1% each year until it reaches said 10%. There is an exception to this requirement for small businesses with 10 or fewer employees, new businesses (those less than three years old), church plans, and government plans.

The SECURE 2.0 Act also changes policies on pension plan catch-up limits (and indexes IRA catch-up limits to inflation from 2023), student loan repayments, and employer matching. such as pension contributions, small employer pension start-up credits. and mutual fund investment trusts (CITs) in 403(b) plans. Additionally, the legislation opens up opportunities for exchange-traded funds (ETFs) in variable annuities.

Learn: 7 things every woman should know about retirement
Explore: Retirement Planning: Should You Defer Social Security As Inflation Rises?

Speaking about the bill in his March 25 “March-April Work Shift Update” letter, House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer proclaimed, “By expanding automatic enrollment in pension plans provided by employers, simplifying the rules for small businesses and helping those close to retirement save more for longer, this legislation will help increase Americans’ access to retirement funds and help families save for the future.

More from GOBankingRates

About the Author

David Nadelle is a freelance editor and writer based in Ottawa, Canada. After working in the energy industry for 18 years, he decided to make a career change in 2016 and focus full-time on all aspects of writing. He recently completed a technical degree in communications and holds previous university degrees in journalism, sociology and criminology. David has covered a wide variety of financial and lifestyle topics for numerous publications and has experience writing for the retail industry.